Having a Ray is a great responsibility. It is your obligation to provide a tank for them to live comfortably. You must take into consideration that you are purchasing a juvenile that will grow to maturity, and will require a large systemPrior to purchasing, it is your responsibility to educate yourself on the needs of the Ray and especially its requirements of space.


Aquarium Suggestions

- For Inactive species the aquarium must be .75 times as wide as the full adult length of the ray, and 2 - 2.5 times as long.

- For Active species the aquarium must be 1.5 times as wide as the full adult length of the ray, and 4 - 5 times as long.

- It is important to remember that tall configurations of standard tanks may not be as appropriate as longer or wide designs of equal volume.

- When choosing a substrate for your tank, a smaller grade is ideal. Sand or Fine Aragonite Sand is especially important for species that spend lots of time lying on the bottom or that bury themselves.


Tank Parameters

- Temperature should be between 70 - 80 Degrees (F)

* Some cold water species do better in the 60's

- Salinity Specific Gravity should be kept between 1.020 - 1.026

- pH should be kept between 7.8 - 8.3 

* Rays are sensitive to pH- If adjustments need to be made, they should be done very slow.


Common Mistakes

1. Purchasing a Ray on impulse without educating yourself on its biology and necessary care requirements

2. Purchasing a species that will outgrow your tank and/or financial resources

3. Purchasing a species that is too active for the tank you provide

4. Purchasing a cold water species for a tropical aquarium (a chiller may need to be provided)

5. Purchasing a species that poses difficulty for feeding


Best Rays for Beginners 

* We do not sell each and every Ray listed below, these are just a few suggestions.

Smaller Adult Sizes

- Cortez Round Stingray            - Round Stingray

- Bullseye Stingray                   - Yellow Stingray

- Bluespotted Stingray              - Bluntnose Stingray


Medium to Large Adult Sizes

- Eastern Fiddler Ray


Rays for Experts & Very Large Systems

* We do not sell each and every Ray listed below, these are just a few suggestions.

- Shovelnose Guitarfish              -Leopard Torpedo Ray

- Lesser Electric Ray                   - Bullseye Electric Ray

- Southern Stingray                    - Atlantic Stingray

- Bluespotted Ribbontail Ray        - Bat Ray



Tank Mates

Bad Tankmates/ Potentially Harmful to your Ray:

- Scorpionfishes       - Butterflyfishes

- Large Angelfish      - Filefishes

- Triggerfishes          - Puffers

- Purcupinefishes


Good Fish Tankmates/ Non Harmful Fish:

*We do not sell each and every item listed below, these are just a few suggestions.

- Moray Eels        - Snake Eels

- Squirrelfishes    - Grouper

- Batfishes           - Spinecheeks

- Cardinalfishes    - Goatfishes

- Snapper            - Jacks

- Discfishes          - Monos

- Damselfishes     - Hawkfishes

- Sand Perches     - Gobies


Good Invertebrate Tankmates/ Non Harmful:

*We do not sell each and every Invertebrate listed below, these are just a few suggestions.

- Larger Cowries           - Larger Conchs

- Boxer Shrimps            - Cleaner Shrimps

- Hermit Crabs              - Decorator Crabs

- Slipper Lobster            - Spiny Lobster

- Linckia Sea Stars         - Brittle Stars

- Pencil Urchins


Recommended Ray Food

* Although there is the possibility of transmitting certain parasites, fresh seafood is preferred to frozen as it has greater nutritional value. 

- Earthworms        - Snails

- Clams                 - Market Squid

- Frozen Krill          - Table Shrimp

- Blue Crab            - Sardines 

- Herring               - Mackerel

- Orange Roughy    - Snapper

- River Smelt         - Plaice